Friday, March 18, 2016

History of the Army: 1900-2001

As the United States rebuilt in the aftermath of the Civil War, total Army strength grew relatively slowly until the mid 1900s. The World War I era saw the creation of several important Army branches, including the Veterinarian Corps, the Chemical Corps, and the Aviation Section within the Army Signal Corps, the precursor to the Air Force. World War II led to several more milestones in Army history, including the creation of the Office of Strategic Services, which became the CIA, and Franklin D. Roosevelt's introduction of the G.I. Bill. Two years after the war, the Army established the Medical Service Corps, later renamed the Army Medical Department (AMEDD). Following World War II, America entered a standoff with Soviet Russia, known as the Cold War. During the 1980’s, the Army began to reorganize to focus on training and technology. In the next ten years, the Pentagon introduced plans to reduce total Army strength. In 1989, the fall of the Berlin Wall signaled the end of the Cold War. In 1991, American and allied forces responded to Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait. The ground campaign lasted four days before a ceasefire was declared. After the attacks of September 11, 2001, American and Iranian forces would again enter into a conflict in the Middle East against terrorist forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Sunday, January 10, 2016

America's Army

The Army is the largest military branch in the United States. Its job is to protect the country and its citizens. Today, the Army is made up of more than 700,000 Soldiers, including active duty and Army Reserve personnel. Army Soldiers fill many roles. They are doctors, lawyers, and engineers, electricians, computer programmers and helicopter pilots. They are police officers, logistics experts and civil affairs representatives. The Army’s constant need for a diverse range of individual Soldiers, each with his or her own expertise is what sets it apart from other military branches. The Army has two categories of Soldiers: Enlisted Soldiers and Commissioned Officers. Both groups are important to the structure of the Army. Enlisted Soldiers are the backbone of the Army. They are responsible for completing day-to-day operational tasks, much like the employees of a company. Officers are responsible for planning missions and operations. Most importantly, they are entrusted with the lives of the Soldiers under their command. The path to becoming an Officer is much different than that of enlistment.